7 states still send kids to this place.
The JRC pursues a course of aversive therapy that uses electrodes attached to a child’s body, giving “bee sting” jolts of electricity for such infractions as mouthing off, slouching, nagging, swearing and failure to maintain a neat appearance. They use other forms of aversion therapy as well, such as food deprivation (hunger-sometimes severe) and isolation (solitary confinement).
The use of electric shocks in an attempt to modify behavior in a certain class of sex crime has been tried for at least 30 years with nil success. Where challenged (10 states), this method has largely been disallowed as “cruel and unusual punishment”. To do this sort of thing to a child who may have the mental age of 3 or 4 (as cited in a court document) is beyond human comprehension.
SIGN ON TO OPEN LETTER (see below): to the American Psychological Association to stand behind its ‘Resolution Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment or Punishment’ and take a stand against The Judge Rotenberg Educational Center. This place must be shut down.
To sign on to the “An Autism & Mental Health Community Letter” APPEAL, please send a COPY e-mail to Nancy Weiss at: firstname.lastname@example.org and an email directly to Derrick Jeffries at: email@example.com
An APPEAL from Nancy Weiss Nancy R. Weiss The National Leadership Consortium on Developmental Disabilities Center for Disabilities Studies University of Delaware.
Nancy Weiss writes: Please see the attached letter written by Derrick Jeffries and me. You are invited to sign-on individually or on behalf of your organization.
The letter calls upon the American Psychological Association to stand behind its ‘Resolution Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment or Punishment’ and take a stand against The Judge Rotenberg Educational Center (formerly BRI) in Massachusetts which has a long history of using electric shock, food deprivation and prolonged mechanical restraint, as well as other painful and dehumanizing aversive techniques to change the behavior of people who have autism, developmental disabilities, and psychiatric diagnoses.
The APA’s recently released ‘2007 Reaffirmation of the 2006 Resolution’ states that the resolution is “a comprehensive and foundational position applicable to all individuals, in all settings and in all contexts without exception.” In addition, APA code calls upon members to report apparent ethical violations that have “substantially harmed or are likely to substantially harm a person or organization.”
The letter, which has already been endorsed by over 80 individuals and organizations, calls upon the APA to apply their own code of ethics, and to formally and specifically declare their position regarding the use of skin-shock “treatment”, food deprivation, and any other aversive procedures that inflict pain or deprive basic human rights at JRC or elsewhere. The letter also requests that the APA send this letter to its members, post it on their website and/or publish it in a newsletter or other publication that reaches its full membership. Derrick sent this letter to the APA in mid-October and sends them weekly updates with additional signatures.
Derrick writes the following, “As a person with Asperger’s Syndrome, and a parent of a child with Autism, and a brother of a sister with Autism, I am asking you to join Nancy Weiss and I, and many others, by participating in this effort. Would you please allow us to include your name, and/or organization name on this document as being one of many individuals and organizations presenting this letter to the American Psychological Association? If the APA will take a decisive stance against torture, it may pave the way to ending such practices that take place at the Judge Rotenberg Educational Center.”
Anyone interested in signing on to the letter send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org and that:
1) people interested in signing on to the APA letter use “signing on to APA letter” as a subject line.
2) In the body of the message put their full name as they want it to be listed (we’d prefer to not include first names only or nicknames), and indicate whether they want just their name listed or if they want their name listed with a title or description (for example, “Joe Smith, parent”; Elizabeth Jones, Executive Director, Advocates for Humane Treatment”, “Bill Collins, Disability Advocate” , etc)
3) Finally, indicate if they are signing on to the letter in their personal capacity or if they represent an organization that is signing on
Feel free to forward this to lists or individuals who may have interest. Thanks — Nancy
A Call for Ethical and Unprejudiced Leadership and Practice in the Field
An Autism & Mental Health Community Letter
October 10, 2007
This letter is to the American Psychological Association (hereafter referred to as APA), and to all professionals in the field of psychology. This letter calls upon APA and professionals who adhere to the APA Code of Ethics to act in a manner that is ethical and consistent with that Code of Ethics. Two recent APA documents are relevant to this call to action. They are, the 2006 “Resolution Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment or punishment” (hereafter referred to as 2006 Resolution), and the 2007 “Reaffirmation of the American Psychological Association Position Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment” and Its Application to Individuals Defined in the United States Code as “Enemy Combatants”” (hereafter referred to as 2007 Resolution). With fervor, we are advocating for people with autism, developmental differences, and mental health challenges; urgently entreating that they may be given the same respect with regard to human rights as alleged “Enemy Combatants,” or any other human beings. As professionals who adhere to the APA Code of Ethics, nothing less than an unprejudiced stance in this matter should be considered acceptable.
Currently, children and young adults with autism, developmental differences, and mental health challenges are being treated in a manner that clearly meets the definition of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment or Punishment, as defined by the two previously mentioned APA documents. The Judge Rotenberg Educational Center (hereafter referred to as JRC) in Massachusetts has a long history of using electric shock, food deprivation and prolonged mechanical restraint, as well as other painful and dehumanizing aversive techniques.
The use of the phrase “effective treatment,” does not make such techniques humane or acceptable. Furthermore, attempting to justify them as “treatments” of “last resort” may not be completely accurate. It has been clearly demonstrated that positive behavioral approaches, based on a careful analysis of the functions dangerous or disruptive behaviors may be serving are as effective and more enduring than behavior change techniques based on pain and fear. JRC uses a device that they call the Graduated Electronic Decelerator (GED), to deliver painful electric shocks. Reporters, legislators and others who have experienced the 2-second shock from this device describe it as incredibly painful. A report from the New York State Educational Department noted that JRC was not only using electric shock for dangerous and self-injurious behaviors but also for behaviors that are benign or idiosyncratic such as “nagging, swearing and failure to maintain a neat appearance,” or “slouching in a chair.” The director of the Judge Rotenberg Center testified at a legislative hearing that one student received 5,300 electric shocks in one day. In his testimony, he stated that over a 24-hour period, this student, a teenager who weighed only 52 pounds, was subjected to an average of one shock every 16 seconds. During some periods, the student was automatically shocked every second if he lifted his hand off a paddle. A copy of the New York State Report can be found HERE: http://boston.com/news/daily/15/school_report.pdf and a myriad of additional information on the school and its practices can be found by googling the Judge Rotenberg Center.
Proponents of behaviorism have voiced their opposition to these practices. Although the Director of the Judge Rotenberg Center often defends his practices by stating that he was trained by B. F. Skinner, Dr. Skinner made it very clear that he did not condone such practices. At the age of 83, he was interviewed by Daniel Goleman of the New York Times. In an article published August 25th, 1987, titled, “Embattled Giant Of Psychology Speaks His Mind,” B. F. Skinner’s view is stated as–“The use of punishment is another issue Dr. Skinner still feels impassioned about. He is an ardent opponent of the use of punishment, such as spanking, or using ”aversives” -such as pinches and shocks – with autistic children. ”What’s wrong with punishments is that they work immediately, but give no long-term results,” Dr. Skinner said. ”The responses to punishment are either the urge to escape, to counterattack or a stubborn apathy. These are the bad effects you get in prisons or schools, or wherever punishments are used.” The complete article can be viewed HERE: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE3D6143CF936A1575BC0A961948260&sec=health&spon=&pagewanted=print
The 1965 experimental research of O. Ivar Lovaas, Benson Schaeffer, and James Q. Simmons, conducted at the University of California, Los Angeles, concluded that electric shock applications did not have enduring effectiveness. In conclusion, they questioned the need for shocking children with Autism by stating, “A basic question, then, is whether it is necessary to employ shock in accomplishing such an end or whether less drastic methods might suffice.” (Journal Of Experimental Research in Personality 1, 99-109 (1965))
A recent Mother Jones article about this institution began like this, “Rob Santana awoke terrified. He’d had that dream again, the one where silver wires ran under his shirt and into his pants, connecting to electrodes attached to his limbs and torso. Adults armed with surveillance cameras and remote-control activators watched his every move. One press of a button, and there was no telling where the shock would hit—his arm or leg or, worse, his stomach. All Rob knew was that the pain would be intense.”(Mother Jones, August 20, 2007).
A horror from the Abu Ghraib prison scandal? No, torture carried out in the name of treatment, right here in the State of Massachusetts, against the most vulnerable of our young people — and designed and implemented by Psychologists.
It is additionally noted that programs that are built around scientific knowledge and principles will generally welcome peer review and a continual improvement process. Currently and historically, JRC practices are remarkably deficient in these areas. As leaders in the field of psychology, and as professionals who are intolerant of torture, APA has an opportunity, if not an obligation, to demonstrate leadership in this matter. Please consider the following facts and arguments.
Section 1 of the American Psychological Association Code of Ethics, creates a standard of excellence in regards to the personal accountability of psychologists to their Code of Ethics. It also establishes a means for resolving professional ethical issues between psychologists and with organizations with which Psychologists may be affiliated.
Sub-Section 1.05 of the Code of Ethics covers the topic of Reporting Ethical Violations. This sub-section related to reporting, places a grave responsibility upon APA members to report apparent ethical violations that have “substantially harmed or are likely to substantially harm a person or organization.” This reporting “may include referral to state or national committees on professional ethics, to state licensing boards, or to the appropriate institutional authorities.”
Within the 2007 Reaffirmation, reference is made to the 2006 Resolution, stating emphatically that it is “a comprehensive and foundational position applicable to all individuals, in all settings and in all contexts without exception.” We are in agreement with this position.
We are pleading with APA psychologists, and all psychologists who independently and voluntarily follow the APA Code of Ethics, to consider that the 2006 Resolution is inclusive of all human beings. We ask that it be applied toward those who are receiving treatment/services related to symptoms associated with autism, developmental differences, and mental health challenges, including such that may cause or contribute to self-injurious behavior. This letter is an earnest appeal to APA leadership and all professionals in the field of psychology to demonstrate ethical practices and adhere to the principles of the 2006 Resolution and the 2007 Reaffirmation in opposing the use of skin-shock and food deprivation that are currently being administered as “treatment” for self-injurious behavior, aggressive behavior, and other behaviors that are being considered as precursors. Skin-shock or food deprivation under any other context, or being administered to any other population segment would be considered an inhumane form of punishment that in reality is truly torture. According to the 2006 Resolution, there can be no exception for this type of degrading treatment.
Although there are some children and young adults who are able to communicate how they have been “substantially harmed by a person or organization,” there are many others who are unable to do so. Even those young people with the ability to communicate how they are being harmed are virtually unheard. Regardless of the individual’s ability to communicate and describe torture and its physical, mental and emotional effect upon them, this type of “treatment,” is still inherently wrong. Is it not the responsibility of a professional or any human being to take action when they are personally aware of acts that are inhumane and degrading forms of torture?
At the JRC this “treatment” is being authorized under court order. While Judges may have extensive expertise within the framework of law, they are reliant upon the testimony of experts (in these cases, Psychologists) to assist them in making decisions. Experts within the field of psychology need to see an example of leadership from organizations such as APA. Good leadership provides guidance and constraints in all areas that are conducive to professionalism and best practices.
In conclusion, we are respectfully appealing to APA members and leadership on the basis of professionalism and unprejudiced application of your own code of ethics, and consistent with your 2006 Resolution and 2007 Reaffirmation, to formally and specifically declare your position regarding the use of skin-shock “treatments,” food deprivation, and any other aversives that inflict pain or deprive basic human rights at JRC or elsewhere. We are calling upon APA members to apply the Code which condemns the treatment that is currently taking place at JRC.
We respectfully request that the APA send this letter to its members, post it on their website and/or publish it in a newsletter or other publication that reaches its full membership. We request that the APA as a professional organization, and as professional individuals actively and vociferously advocate for best practices while opposing that which is torture. We furthermore request that the APA, as an organization, make a formal and specific declaration of its stance in this matter and exercise appropriate discipline, thereby demonstrating that the Code of Ethics will be applied without prejudice. Your example in this will be a voice of hope for those who have been locked away, subjected to daily torture and unseen and unheard for too long.
Written and Presented by: Derrick Jeffries (Person with Asperger’s Syndrome) and Nancy Weiss (Co-Director, The National Leadership Consortium on Developmental Disabilities, Center for Disabilities Studies, University of Delaware)
The following individuals and organizations endorse this message:
1. Bernard Cooney, Ph.D.,Assistant Professor Sp. Ed.
Le Moyne College, Education Department, Syracuse, NY
2. Stephen Drake,Research Analyst
3. Not Dead Yet, Advocacy Organization
Forest Park, IL
4. Suzanne M. Swindell, M.S.Ed.
Resource Teacher, Office of Sp. Ed.
Baltimore County Public Schools
5. Lori Noto, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT
6. Strengthening Our System, Inc., Human Services Agency
7. Rita B. Thuot, Director
Gaston Residential Services, Non-Profit Service Provider
8. Mary C. Cerreto, Ph.D.
9. APA Member, Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Boston University Medical Center
10. Douglas Biklen,Dean and Professor
School of Education, Syracuse University
11. Debbie Gilmer, M.Ed.,Associate Director
Maine Support Network,Western Maine Partnership, UMF
12. Kim McConaughy M.S., Behavior Analyst
State of Minnesota, Community Support Services
13. Debra Rezendes,Virginia Tech Autism Clinic
14. Amy Wrenn
15. Greg Scott
16. Kate Dempsey
17. Tonda S. Stillwell
18. Diane Coleman, President
Not Dead Yet
19. Linda M. Bambara, Ed.D.
Professor of Special Education
Department of Education and Human Services, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
20. Timothy P. Knoster Ed.D.
21. Colleen Horton, Parent
22. Sheila Collector, Behavior Specialist
Dept of Special Education, Howard County Public Schools
23. Sondra Williams, Person with Autism, Parent
24. Susan Fitzmaurice, Parent, Disability Advocate
25. Teddy Fitzmaurice, Self-Advocate, Person with Down Syndrome
26. Lou Brown, Professor Emeritus
University of Wisconsin
27. Howard Renensland, Concerned Citizen
28. Cheryl Trommater, Advocate
29. Alison Hymes, M.S.
Psychiatric Survivor and Advocate
Degree in Counseling Psychology
30. Adapt Montana
Disability Rights Group
31. Not Dead Yet, Montana
32. Marsha Katz, Person with a Disability, Family Member, Concerned Citizen
State Organizer for Adapt Montana and Not Dead Yet, Montana
33. Kitsune J Scott, Concerned Citizen
34. Mike Stanton, Parent, Member of the National Autistic Society
35. Mary Johnson, Disability Rights Advocate, Author of Disability Rights Books
36. Kevin Leitch
http://www.leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk – Autism News and Opinion
37. Jamison Dupree, Person with Muscular Dystrophy, Concerned Citizen
38. Janet Conklin, Autism Specialist, Lane ESD
39. Roy Probeyahn
South Manor, N.Y.
40. Ragged Edge Online
Disability Rights Website
41. Advocado Press
Disability Rights Publications
42. Hugh Sheridan, Parent of Autistic Child
43. Joan Sheridan, Parent of Autistic Child
44. D’Arcy Sheridan, Autistic Person
45. Sandra Weiss Knepp, MA,Executive Director
Bloomin’ Youth, Growing Independence in Youth with Autism
46. Samuel J. Ashley
47. Ellen Ewing, Service Coordinator/Family Consultant / Parent of a Child with Developmental Disabilities
WIDE HORIZONS – A Family Support Program
Yamhill County, OR Developmental Disabilities
48. Richard J Pratt, Executive Director
Transitional Living Services of Onondaga County, Inc., NY
49. Anne Carpenter, Person with Autism
50. Beth Mathis, Concerned Citizen
51. Dan Kennedy, CEO
Human Life of Washington
52. Dr. Sally Rogow
53. Human Life of Washington
54. Center for Life Principles
A Project of Human Life Ed. Foundation
55. Mary E. Donovan
No. Easton, MA
57. Donna Libby, Lane Regional Autism Specialist
58. The ARC of the United States
Authorized by Sue Swenson (CEO)
59. The Autism National Committee (Autcom)
Dedicated to “Social Justice for All Citizens with Autism”
Authorized by Sharisa Kochmeister (President)
60. Sharisa Kochmeister, BA Sociology/ Psychology
Grad. Denver Univ., 2004, former user of facilitated communication, current user of augmentative communication; former victim, current victor
The Autism National Committee (President)
61. Phil Schwarz
Director, Autism National Committee, Director, Massachusetts Chapter, Autism Society of America, Vice President, Asperger’s Association of New England
62. Gerald (Jerry) Newport
Author/Advocate with Asperger Syndrome
http://www.realmozart-whale.com/ Co-Author, Mozart and the Whale, and other books
63. Margo A. Williams
Director, Autism National Committee, Treasurer, Autism Society of Washtenaw, Mother, to wonderful child with autism
64. Denise Fletcher
65. Sandra McClennen, Ph.D.
Licensed Psychologist in Michigan and CPQ by ASPPB, Vice-President, Autism National Committee
66. Estee Klar-Wolfond
The Autism Acceptance Project
67. Rikkii Clarent, School Psychologist
68. Karen J. Zimbrich, M.Ed., Life Member of TASH
Resident of Massachusetts,
69. Nancy Donahoe, Person with Autism
70. Mira Davis-Kelly
The Autism Acceptance Project
71. The Autism Acceptance Project
Advocacy Organization, Promoting Acceptance and Accommodations for People with Autism.
Approved by Estee Klar-Wolford & Mira Davis-Kelly
72. Kristina Chew, Ph.D.,Assistant Professor of Classics, Co-director, Honors Program, Advisor, Special Scholarships and Graduate Studies, Department of Modern and Classical Languages Saint Peter’s College, Jersey City, N.J.
73. Navidad Arnett, Parent of a Person with Autism
74. Melissa Gordon
Parent of a Child with Asperger’s AND Concerned Citizen
75. Connie Lapin, Advocate, Community Activist and Parent of an amazing son (39) with the severe challenge of autism
76. Harvey A. Lapin, D.D.S., Dentist, advocate, parent
77. Laura Mercier
78. Vera Lingonis, Concerned Citizen (N.Z.)
Wellington, New Zealand
79. Susan Yuan, Ph.D., Associate Director Center on Disability and Community Inclusion, University of Vermont, Parent of a 33 year old man with Angelman Syndrome, Center on Disability and Community Inclusion
University of Vermont
80. Autism Spectrum Differences Institute of New England
The information herein shall not be considered an endorsement of anyone discontinuing psychiatric drugs. If you are stopping taking medication it is advisable to reduce the dose gradually WITH EXTREME CAUTION, as it is difficult to predict who will have problems withdrawing. It is worth getting as much information and support as you can, and involving your doctor wherever possible. You will find withdrawal information here: http://www.mind.org.uk/Information/Booklets/Making+sense/Making+sense+of+coming+off+psychiatric+drugs.htm
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON WITHDRAWAL:: Get Peter Lehmann’s book, Coming off Psychiatric Drugs: Successful Withdrawal from Neuroleptics, Antidepressants, Lithium, Carbamazepine and Tranquilizers. This valuable resource comes in US, UK, and German editions.
I, Kathleen Maire Hill, present this information in my capacity as a natural person, exercising my natural rights and freedoms. This information represents my private thoughts and beliefs and has been compiled and expressed for educational purposes only. In no way should it be construed as either legal or financial advice.
“Apathy is the glove into which evil slips its hand” : Bodie Thoene
“Then what is freedom? It is the will to be responsible to ourselves.”
Friedrich Nietzsche – (1844-1900) – Source: Twilight of the Idols, 1888